JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE AND VETERINARY MEDICINE
Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2536-7099
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JASVM
Start Year: 2016
Email: jasvm@integrityresjournals.org


Assessment of body linear measurements of semi-intensively managed Bunaji calves raised during major dry season in the derived savanna zone of Nigeria

https://doi.org/10.31248/JASVM2023.369   |   Article Number: 88A6287E5   |   Vol.8 (3) - June 2023

Received Date: 14 March 2023   |   Accepted Date: 23 April 2023  |   Published Date: 30 June 2023

Authors:  J. A. Akinlade and O.T. Ojoawo*

Keywords: body weight, dry season, body measurements, Bunaji calves

Survival of semi-intensively managed cattle during dry season is critical towards their successful development. Cattle are of large size that obviously require high volume of feeds, for sustenance and productive purposes. A completely randomized design study over a period of three months during the major dry season (January to March) was carried out. The mean body measurements [chest girth (CG), body length (BL), body circumference (BC), tail length (TL), height at withers (HW) and body weights (BW)] were monitored fortnightly. The calves were allowed to graze in the morning, between 7.00 - 11.00 h and concentrate feed of 2 kg/day was offered in the afternoon on daily basis. Results from the study showed that the all the body measurements for the males increased till 6th week of the study, decreased till 9th week and thereafter increased till the 12th week. The estimated body weight for the males were 113.27 kg and 118.16 kg for the females at the end of the study. The mean CG was 122.89± 3.54 cm, BC was 132.41± 4.45 cm, TL was 81.74 ±2.01 cm, BL 89.54 ± 2.01 cm, HW 102.24 ± 3.22 cm and BW was 125.04 ± 2.89 kg. The correlation coefficient values were generally positive and significant. Highest positive correlations with significant differences were observed in all the parameters except for CG and BL (r= -0.07); and BL and HW (r= -0.57) which were negatively correlated. It was concluded that Bunaji calves would survive remarkably, with improved body measurements and weight gain if managed semi-intensively with available forage and concentrate during the dry season.

Abdelhadi, O. M. A., & Babiker, S. A. (2012). Prediction of Zebu cattle live weight using live animal measurements. Livestock Research and Rural Development 21(8):1-7.
Link
 
Adegun, M. K. (2014). Voluntary feed intake and nutrient utilization of West African Dwarf sheep fed supplements of Moringa oleifera and Gliricidia sepium fodders. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 2(3), 94-99.
Crossref
 
Akinlade, J. A., Farinu, G. O., Olujide, A. M., Ojebiyi, O. O., Aderinola, O. A., & Togun, V. A. (2005, September). Evaluation of shrubby Legumes (Stylosanthes guianensis and Stylosanthes scrabra) and cottonseed cake on the performance of West African Dwarf sheep. In Proceedings of 10th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria (ASAN), University of Ado Ekiti, Nigeria (pp. 184-186).
 
Akinlade, J. A., Ojoawo, O. T., & Oyewole, S. T. (2022). Effect of graded levels and different forms of Gliricidia sepium leaves supplement on nutrient intake, digestibility and nitrogen retention of West African Dwarf sheep. Tropical Animal Production Investigation, 25(2), 1-7.
 
Akinlade, J. A., Smith, J. W., Larbi, A., Adekunle, I. O., Taiwo, A. A., & Busari, A. A. (2003). Impact of forage legume hays derived from intercrop as dry season feed supplements for lactating Bunaji cows and N'dama beef cattle. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 24(2), 185-191.
Crossref
 
Assogba, B. E. C., Adjassin, J. S., & Alkoiret, T. T. (2017). Use of body measurements to estimate live weight of Lagune cattle in southern Benin. The Saudi Journal of Life Sciences, 2(2), 23-32.
 
Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) 2005. Official Methods of Analysis. 21st Edition (Khelrick, editor).
 
Bettencourt, E. M. V., Tilman, M., Narciso, V., Carvalho, M. L. D. S., & Henriques, P. D. D. S. (2015). The livestock roles in the wellbeing of rural communities of Timor-Leste. Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural, 53, 63-80.
Crossref
 
Duguma, B., & Janssens, G. P. (2021). Assessment of livestock feed resources and coping strategies with dry season feed scarcity in mixed crop-livestock farming systems around the Gilgel Gibe catchment, Southwest Ethiopia. Sustainability, 13(19), 10713.
Crossref
 
Essien, A., & Adesope, O.M. (2003) Linear body measurements of N'dama calves at 12 months in a south western zone of Nigeria. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 15 Article number 34.
 
French, K. E. (2017). Species composition determines forage quality and medicinal value of high diversity grasslands in lowland England. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 241, 193-204.
Crossref
 
Ige, A. O., Adedeji, T. A., Ojedapo, L. O., Obafemi, S. O., & Ariyo, O. O. (2015). Linear body measurement relationship in white Fulani cattle in derived savannah zone of Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 5(15), 1-6.
 
Islam, M. R., Amin, M. R., Kabir, A. K. M. A., & Ahmed, M. U. (2009). Comparative study between semi-intensive and scavenging production system on the performances of Black Bengal goat. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, 7(1), 79-86.
Crossref
 
Kanai, E. T., Wamagi, I. T., & Zagi, I. (2013). Phenotypic characterization of white Fulani (Bunaji) and Bunaji x Friesian breed of cattle from National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI) cattle herd from Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 1(5), 185-189.
 
Khan, H., Zamin, S., Rind, M. M., Rind, R., & Riaz, M. (2003). Use of Shaeffers formula for the prediction of body weight of slaughtering cattle. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 2(3), 176-178
 
King, C., McEniry, J., Richardson, M., & O'kiely, P. (2012). Yield and chemical composition of five common grassland species in response to nitrogen fertiliser application and phenological growth stage. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B-Soil & Plant Science, 62(7), 644-658.
Crossref
 
Lee, M. A. (2018). A global comparison of the nutritive values of forage plants grown in contrasting environments. Journal of Plant Research, 131, 641-654.
Crossref
 
Mtengeti, E. J., Phiri, E. C. J. H., Urio, N. A., Mhando, D. G., Mvena, Z., Ryoba, R., Mdegela, R., Singh, B. R., Mo, M., Wetlesen, A., Lorken, T., & Reksen, O. (2008). Forage availability and its quality in the dry season on smallholder dairy farms in Tanzania. Acta Agriculturae Scand Section A, 58(4), 196-204.
Crossref
 
Musa, A. M., Idam, N. Z., & Elamin, K. M. (2012). Heart girth reflect live body weight in Sudanese Shogur sheep under field conditions. World's Veterinary Journal, 2(4), 54-56.
 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (2016). Average weather in Ogbomoso. Retrieved 16th May 2020 from https://www.nasa.gov.
 
National Research Council (NRC) (2016). Nutrient requirement of beef cattle (8th edition). National Acadmies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine.
 
Oni, O. O., Afolayan, R. A., Adeyinka, I. A., Lamidi, O. S., & Alawa, C. B. I. (2011). Estimation of Live Weight of Calves from Body Measurements within Different Genetic Groups. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 13, 133-142.
 
Onyeonagu, C. C., & Eze, S. M. (2013). Proximate compositions of some forage grasses and legumes as influenced by season of harvest. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(29), 4033-4037.
 
Otchere, E. O. (1986). Traditional cattle production in the sub-humid zone of Nigeria. International Livestock Centre for Africa. Pp. 110-140
 
Rusdy, M., Baba, S., Garantjang, S., & Syarif, I. (2019). Effects of supplementation with Gliricidia sepium leaves on performance of Bali cattle fed elephant grass. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 31(6), Article number 84.
 
Sahu, S. S., Sahu, S. K. C., Chaturvedani, A. K., & Prakash, O. (2017). Correlation between body weight and linear body measurements in adult female Sahiwal cattle. Indian Journal of Veterinary Sciences and Biotechnology, 12(3), 90-93.
Crossref
 
Salako, A. E. (2006). Principal component factor analysis of the morphostructure of immature Uda sheep. International Journal of Morphology, 24(4), 571-774.
Crossref
 
Smith, J., Sones, K., Grace, D., MacMillan, S., Tarawali, S., & Herrero, M. (2013). Beyond milk, meat, and eggs: Role of livestock in food and nutrition security. Animal Frontiers, 3(1), 6-13.
Crossref
 
Statistical Analysis System (SAS) (2000). Users guide for windows, version 9.3. SAS Institute Inc. North Carolina USA.
 
Wu, G. (2016). Dietary protein intake and human health. Food & function, 7(3), 1251-1265.
Crossref