JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY DISCOVERY
Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2536-7064
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JBBD
Start Year: 2016
Email: jbbd@integrityresjournals.org


Physico-chemical properties of honey from different beehives and honey sources in selected Districts of Bale Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

https://doi.org/10.31248/JBBD2019.115   |   Article Number: D429248B1   |   Vol.5 (1) - February 2020

Received Date: 09 November 2019   |   Accepted Date: 15 January 2020  |   Published Date: 28 February 2020

Authors:  Aynalem Teshome* , Belete Asefa and Tesfaye Amene

Keywords: physicochemical, Bale zone, hive type, honey quality, honey source

The aim of this study was to assess Physico-chemical properties of honey from different beehives and honey sources in selected District of Bale Zone, Oromia regional state, Ethiopia. A total 18 honey samples were collected from different hive types and honey sources for analysis of physico-chemical properties (color, moisture content, electric conductivity, pH, acidity, ash (mineral), HMF, reducing sugars (glucose and fructose), and sucrose content). Statistical analysis was used to analyse the data collected from laboratory parts. Data related to honey quality were analyzed using General linear model of SAS software (SAS, 2008). Whenever a statically significant difference (p<0.05) is observed, least significant difference (LSD) test was used to separate the means difference. Most of the laboratory results for common parameters were found in the range of the national and international standard limits. The result of physico-chemical properties showed that there was a significance difference (p<0.05) between hive types except for sucrose (g/100mg) (p>0.05). The overall mean of honey sampled from different hive types showed color (optical density) (10.86 mmpfund), moisture content (20.34%), ash (0.29%), electric conductivity (0.65 ms/cm), free acidity (57.66 meq/gm), pH (4.2), hydroxy methyl furfural (9.45 mg/kg), apparent reducing sugar (73.12g/100mg), sucrose content (0.1g/100mg) while the mean values for honey sampled from different honey sources were as follows: color (optical density) (10.65 mmpfund), moisture content (19.41%), ash (0.23%), electric conductivity (0.53 ms/cm), free acidity (45.33 meq/gm), pH (3.93), hydroxy methyl furfural (16.38 mg/kg), apparent reducing sugar (67.49 g/100mg) and sucrose content (0.5 g/100mg). Hive type and honey source had direct effects on physicochemical quality of honey. The findings show that there is a high need for techniques and technology intervention, so as to derive benefit from the large number of beekeepers in Bale zone and in the country in general both in terms of honey quality and quantity.

Adgaba, N. (1999, June). Quality state of grading Ethiopian honey. In Proceedings of the first national conference of the Ethiopian Beekeepers Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
 
Alemu, T., Seifu, E., & Bezabih, A. (2013). Physicochemical properties of honey produced in Sekota district, northern Ethiopia. International Food Research Journal, 20(6), 3061-3067.
 
Bekele, T., Desalegn, B., & Mitilku, E. (2015). Beekeeping practices, factors affecting production, Quality of honey and beeswax in Bale zone, Oromia region. M.sc. Thesis, Haramaya university, haramaya.
 
Belie, T. (2009). Honeybee production and marketing systems, constraints and opportunities in Burie District of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Doctoral dissertation, Bahir Dar University.
 
Bogdanov, S., Lüllmann, C., Martin, P., von der Ohe, W., Russmann, H., Vorwohl, G., Oddo, L.P., Sabatini, A.G., Marcazzan, G. L., Piro, R., & Flamini, C. (1999). Honey quality and international regulatory standards: review by the International Honey Commission. Bee World, 80(2), 61-69.
Crossref
 
Bradbear, N. (2009). Bees and their role in forest livelihoods: A guide to the services provided by bees and the sustainable harvesting, processing and marketing of their products. Non-wood Forest Products, (19).
 
Bultosa, G. (2005). Food chemistry laboratory manual. Department of Food Science and Post-harvest Technology, Alemaya University, Ethiopia.
 
BZFEDO (2016). Bale zone finance and economic development office, Bale Zone Oromia region.
 
Chataway, H. D. (1932). The determination of moisture in honey. Canadian Journal of Research, 6(5), 532-547.
Crossref
 
Codex Alimentarius (2001). Revised Codex Standard for Honey, Codex STAN 12-1981, Rev.1 (1987), Rev. 2.
 
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (1996). Value added products from beekeeping (FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No., 124). Rome, Italy.
 
Gebremedhin, G., Tadesse, G., & Kebede, E. (2013). Physiochemical characteristics of honey obtained from traditional and modern hive production systems in Tigray region, northern Ethiopia. Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science, 5(1), 115-128.
Crossref
 
Jones, S. L., Jones, H. R., & Thrasyvoulou, A. (2011). Disseminating research about bee products. A review of articles published in the Journal of Apicultural Research over the past fifty years. Journal of Apiculture Product and Apicultural Medical Science, 3(3), 105-116.
Crossref
 
Kinati, C (2010). Assessment of honey production system, marketing and quality in Gomma wereda south western Ethiopia. MSC thesis (unpublished).
 
Krell, R. (1996). Value-added products from beekeeping. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin, 124. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy, 371.
 
Lane, J. H. (1923). Determination of reducing sugar by means of Fehling's solution with methylene blue as internal indicator. Journal of the Society Chemical Industry, 17, 32-37.
 
Legesse, G. Y. (2014). Review of progress in Ethiopian honey production and marketing. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 26(1).
Link
 
Moniruzzaman, M., Sulaiman, S. A., Khalil, M. I., & Gan, S. H. (2013). Evaluation of physicochemical and antioxidant properties of sourwood and other Malaysian honeys: a comparison with manuka honey. Chemistry Central Journal, 7, Article number 138.
Crossref
 
Pérez-Arquillué, C., Conchello, P., Ariño, A., Juan, T., & Herrera, A. (1995). Physicochemical attributes and pollen spectrum of some unifloral Spanish honeys. Food Chemistry, 54(2), 167-172.
Crossref
 
Quality and Standards Authority of Ethiopia (QSAE) (2005). Honey specification: Ethiopian standard, ES 1202. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
 
Statistical Analysis System (SAS). (2008). SAS Institute Inc., Version 9.2, Cary, NC, USA.
 
Wedmore, E. B. (1955). The accurate determination of the water content of honeys: Part I. Introduction and results. Bee World, 36(11), 197-206.
Crossref
 
White, J. W. (1994). The role of HMF and diastase assays in honey quality evaluation. Bee World, 75(3), 104-117.
Crossref
 
Zerrouk, S. H., Fallico, B. G., & Arena, E. N. (2011). Quality evaluation of some honey from the central region of Algeria. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, 4(4), 243-248.