Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2636-5995
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/IJET
Start Year: 2016

The relationship between parental availability and aggression in the 21stcentury: Studies among adolescents in Nnewi North Local Government Area, Anambra State, Nigeria   |   Article Number: D97E8B873   |   Vol.6 (1) - February 2022

Received Date: 17 November 2021   |   Accepted Date: 22 January 2022  |   Published Date: 28 February 2022

Authors:  Ufearo, F. N. , Ebenebe, R. C. , Eleje, L. I.1* , Chukwuma, E. O. , Onukafor, U. M. P. and Oparaugo, U. I.

Keywords: Adolescents, aggression, homes, parental availability.

Manifestation of aggression among adolescents could be related to poor parental availability. In this study, the relationship between parental availability and aggression in the twenty-first century among adolescents in Nnewi North Local Government Area (LGA) Anambra State, Nigeria was investigated. Two research questions guided the study. The researchers adopted a correlation research design. The sample for study comprised of 800 respondents randomly selected from eight (8) secondary schools in the LGA. The instruments for data collection were adopted questionnaire on aggression and questionnaire for parental availability designed by the researchers and validated by two experts in test construction. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach alpha statistics with an index of 0.78 for parental availability and 0.85 for aggression. Pearson correlation was used to analyse the collected data. The results of the study revealed that parental availability (communication and supervision) reduced aggression among adolescents. It was therefore concluded that establishing a strong parent adolescent relationship in the families could be an immeasurable help in raising well-adjusted and successful adolescents. It was recommended that parents should always have in mind the need for family attachment and as such provide opportunity for family meeting where they will listen to their children’ views and give them corrections and some pieces of advice where necessary. In addition, parents are to visit their children’s schools from time to time to meet their teachers who will help them in assessing their behaviours.

Adebisi, K. S. (2018). Moral decadence among Nigerian youths as future leders: A sociocultural regeneration. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 5(2). 190-199.
Adenike, A. O. (2013). Effects of family type (monogamy or polygamy) on students' academic achievement in Nigeria. International Journal of Psychology and Counselling, 5(7), 153-156.
Ejedimu, A. A. (2020). Adolescent psychology and physical development: Parenting implications. Journal of the Nigerian Council of Educational Psychologists, 13(1), 480-490.
Eleje, L. I., Esomonu, N. P. M., & Ufearo, F. N. (2019). Trends in information and communication technology and learning assessment: The application and implication. International Educational Applied Research Journal, 3(11), 1-6.
Elham, K. (2016). The relation between identity styles and family cohesion with tendency to the aggressive behaviours in students of boys' high school in Qazvin City. Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal, 9(2), 799-808.
Farrington, D. P. (2011). Families and crime. In: Crime and public policy. Oxford University Press. Pp. 130-148.
Indumathy, J., & Ashwini, K. (2017). Parental Bonding and psychological well-being among young adults. International Journal of Indian Psychology, 4(2), 77-85.
Jacobson, K. C., & Crockett, L. J. (2000). Parental monitoring and adolescent adjustment: an ecological perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 10(1), 65-97.
Krug, E. G., Dahlberg, L. L., Mercy, J. A., Zwi, A. B., & Lozano, R. (eds.). (2002). World report on violence and health. Geneva, World Health Organization.
Kumari, V., & Kumar, P., (2018). Determinants of aggression among adolescents. International Journal of current Microbiology and Applied sciences, 7, 5010-5020.
Lakhdir, M. P. A., Rozi, S., Peerwani, G., & Nathwan, A. A. (2020). Effect of parent-child relationship on physical aggression among adolescents: Global school-based student health survey. Health Psychology Open, 7(2), 1-8.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; Board of Children, Youth, and Families; Committee on Supporting the Parents of Young Children (2016). Parenting matters: Supporting parents of children ages 0-8. National Academies Press, Washington (DC).
Offordile, E. E., Mamudu, A. F., Adimora, D. E., Obi, M. C., & Umeano, E. C. (2019). Influence of parent-child communication patterns on self-esteem of in-school adolescents in Enugu Educational zone. Journal of the Nigerian Council of Educational Psychologists, 13(1), 234-245.
Ojedokun, O., Adepeju, O., & Kehiride D. (2013). Perception of parental bonding and tendency to perpetrate aggressive behaviour in a sample of Nigerian students. Frontiers in Psychological and Behavioural Science, 2(3), 117-124.
Pardhasaradhi, V., & Goel, V. (2015). To study the influence of family environment on social competence in children. International Journal of Applied and Pure Science and Agriculture, 1, 65-74.
Paul, R. (2016). The relationship between parental attachment, religious coping and self-esteem in Korean- American adolescents. A dissertation presented in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree doctor of philosophy, Liberty University, Lynchburg, VA.
Ramirez, D. N. (2016). Parent child relationships and its effects on adolescence. Mckendree University Online Journal of Undergraduate Research, 28, 1-19.
Ramos, R. C. (2013). Determinants of aggression among young adolescents. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, 7(2), 442-447.
Savage, J. (2014). The Association between attachment, parental bonds and physically aggressive and violent behaviours: A comprehensive review. Aggression and Violent Behaviours, 19(2), 164-178.
Sharma, M. K., & Marimuthu, P., (2014). Prevalence and psychosocial factors of aggression among youths. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 36(1) 48-53.
Shlomo, S. (1980). Cooperative learning in small groups. Recent methods and effects on achievement, attributes and ethnic relations. Review of Educational Research, 50(2), 241-271.
Stattin, H., & Kerr, M. (2000). Parental monitoring: A reinterpretation. Child Development, 71(4), 1072-1085.
Sun, R. C. F., & Shek, D. T. L (2012). Student classroom misbehavior: An exploratory study based on teachers' perceptions. The Scientific World Journal, Volume 2012, Article ID 208907, 8 pages.
The Holy Bible (2019). Proverbs 22: 6. Revised Standard Version (Pp. 674). Bangalore. Theological Publications in India.
Unachukwu, G. C., Ebenebe, R. C., & Nwosu, K. C. (2019). Developmental psychology and education (3rd edition). Enugu, Timex Printing and Publishing Nigeria. Pp. 86-98.
Zareh, M., & Samani, S. (2008). The role of family flexibility and cohesion in child goal orientation. Journal of Family Research, 4(13), 17-36.