The Integrity Journal of Arts and Humanities (IJAH) consider all manuscripts on the strict condition that they have been submitted only to IJET and that they have not been published already or under consideration for publication or in press elsewhere. All manuscripts must be clearly written in English. It is recommended that an English check of the manuscript by a competent and knowledgeable native speaker be completed before submission. Only manuscripts that are written in clear and concise English will be accepted for review. Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word with 1.5 Line Spacing using Arial or Times New Roman font type and font size 12.
Original Research articles
These are complete descriptions of current original research findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be between five and twenty pages.
Review articles do not cover original research but rather accumulate the results of various articles on a particular subject into a coherent narrative about the state of the art in that field. Review articles will often lack a “Materials and Methods” section. They provide information about the topic and also provide journal references to the original research.
Perspectives are simplified and summarized version of scientific researches. It is a personal opinion in writing that is a review of a certain topic. These are usually short essays that are intended to review concepts in a particular field based on writer’s own assessment. Perspective also provide information on key findings and the latest developments in that discipline. Perspectives articles can be anywhere from 2,000 to 5,000 words.
Commentaries are more in-depth analysis written to draw attention to a work already published. Commentary articles seek to provide a critical or alternative viewpoint on a key issue or provide an insight into an important development that is of interest to a large number of scientists. Commentaries articles can be anywhere from 1500 to 3000 words.
An opinion piece is a short article that conveys the author’s viewpoint on a research study. It presents a personal review that are meant to provide constructive criticism. Although they are personal observations, evidence should be available to support the author’s critique of the study. Most opinion are no more than 1,000 words, with no abstract and no more than five references. Tables and figures are usually not part of these pieces.
Manuscripts must be submitted with a full title of not more than 250 characters. It should be specific, descriptive, concise, and comprehensible to readers outside the subject field. Avoid abbreviations if possible.
Authors and Affiliations
All authors’ names should be listed in the following order:
Each author should list an associated department, university, or organizational affiliation and its location, including city, state/province (if applicable), and country. If the article has been submitted on behalf of a consortium, all author names and affiliations should be listed at the end of the article. The correctness of the authors name and affiliation is of great importance as this may not be changed after initial submission unless under strict and special consideration. To qualify for authorship, one should contribute to all of the following:
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author must have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Those who contributed to the work but do not qualify for authorship should be listed in the acknowledgments. When a large group or center has conducted the work, the author list should include the individuals whose contributions meet the criteria defined above, as well as the group name. All authors must approve the final manuscript before submission. An approval letter or cover letter stating that all authors approve the submission should be sent along when submitting the manuscript. One author should be designated as the corresponding author, and his or her email address and other contact information should be included on the manuscript cover page. This information will be published with the article if accepted.
The abstract should:
Immediately after the abstract, about 4-7 key words should be provided, which will be used for indexing purposes. Key words should be separated by commas and if possible, words from title should not be repeated as key words.
Abbreviations that are non-standard should be clearly defined in this field to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations must be defined at their first mention. Consistency of abbreviations should be ensured throughout the article. Footnotes and Endnotes should be properly numbered to ensure uniformity.
The introduction should:
Materials and Methods
This section should be clearly presented to allow the reproduction of the experiments. Information/protocols for new methods should be included in detail. Only new techniques and modifications to known methods need to be described in detail. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference. Appropriate statistical methods should be used and indicate the probability level (p) at which differences were considered significant. However, review articles, perspectives, commentaries and opinions may necessarily not contain this section.
Results, Discussion, and Conclusions
These sections maybe combined into a single section as “Results and discussion” or “Discussion” depending on the article type. It may also be presented separately as Results, Discussion and Conclusion if necessary. These sections may be further divided into subsections, each with a concise subheading. These sections should describe the results of the experiments, the interpretation of these results, and the conclusions that can be drawn. In this section(s), relevant literatures to support the study should be cited.
Acknowledgement should be brief and concise. People who contributed to the work but do not fit the authorship criteria should be listed in the acknowledgments, along with their contributions. Funding sources can also be acknowledged in this section.
References should be listed in an alphabetical order at the end of the paper. Appropriate links to the referenced articles should be included wherever available. Authors should ensure that at least 30% of the cited references are within the last 5 years. The following general guidelines should be strictly adhered to by the authors.
All listed references should be formatted in APA citation style. See the Examples below:
[Author (1), author (2), author (3)]. [(year)]. [Title of the article]. [name of journal], [volume no (Issue no), page no (from x1 to x8)].
Shetty, K., Asano, Y., & Oosawa, K. (1992). Stimulation of in vitro shoot organogenesis in Glycine max (Merrill.) by allantoin and amides. Plant Science, 81(2), 245-251.
[Author (1), author (2), & author (3)]. [year]. [Title of the book]. [Name of the publisher], [Edition]. [page no from-to].
Darwin, C. R. (1868). The variation of animals and plants under domestication. John Murray, London. Pp. 4-8.
In-text Reference Citations
Use the author/date system of references. In the text, refer to the author(s) name (without initials) and year of publication:
Figures and Tables
Figures and Tables should be provided in a separate file or at the end of the Text.
Figures/Graphics should be clear and prepared in GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint. Figures should have a short descriptive legend that allows readers to understand the figure without referring to the text. All non-standard symbols and abbreviations should be defined. For graphics, the unit in the two axes should be clearly indicated. Figures should be numbered consecutively and cited appropriately in the manuscript.
Tables should have a concise and descriptive title. The unit of measurement used in a table should be included in the column heading. Tables should be numbered consecutively and cited appropriately in the manuscript. Citations in the table should be indicated using the same style as the one in the text. Footnotes can be used to explain abbreviations if necessary but not compulsory for all tables. Tables should be organized in Microsoft Word or Excel spreadsheet.
It is used to provide readers with numerical examples or give extensive detail of analytical procedure.
Equations and Symbols
Special characters (e.g, Greek and symbols) should be inserted using the symbols palette available in MS-Word. Complex equations should be entered using Math -Type or an equation editor. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text.
Before submission, authors should read about the scope, publication process, publication ethics and copyright information of IJAH. Authors should ensure that the manuscript to submit passed all ethical test like plagiarism; duplicate submission; citation manipulation; data falsification, manipulation or fabrication; and redundant publications.