Open Access is a publication model through which published research articles are distributed online, free of cost without any form of restriction or access barriers. Integrity Research Journals fully supports the Open Access initiative. Hence, all articles published by the Applied Journal of Physical Science remain permanently open access and are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0. This permits unrestricted use by anyone to copy, redistribute the material in any medium or format, remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, provided the original work and source is properly cited. Browsing and viewing articles on the journal website does not require any personal information from users.