JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND DISEASES
Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2705-2214
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JPHD
Start Year: 2018
Email: jphd@integrityresjournals.org


Prevalence and management of neonatal jaundice in a hospital, Jos-Nigeria

https://doi.org/10.31248/JPHD2023.125   |   Article Number: 01A208292   |   Vol.6 (1) - July 2023

Received Date: 21 May 2023   |   Accepted Date: 10 July 2023  |   Published Date: 30 June 2023

Authors:  Nkereuwem Sunday Etukudoh , Uchejeso Mark Obeta* , Mabweh John Garang , Obiora Reginald Ejinaka , Imoh Ibanga and Tompe Akawu Kuruyang

Keywords: prevalence, Jaundice, Jos-Nigeria, neonatal

Neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) is one of the most common conditions that require medical attention in neonates. The medical condition is because of the imbalance between bilirubin production and its excretion. The accumulation of serum bilirubin in excess, elevates the values of bilirubin in neonates up to a high concentration as noted in the medical laboratory assay causing the yellowish colouration of skin and the eye. A retrospective study was carried out in OLA hospital from 2019 t0 2021 for neonates delivered within the period. The incidence of neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) in this study was 11.7%. The most common risk factor associated with neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) is ABO incompatibility, Preterm gestation and low birth weight (<2.5kg). Neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) is a common problem encountered in Neonatal Intensive Care Units of hospitals as seen in OLA Hospital in Jos. The recommended strategies that is involve in the prevention and control of neonatal jaundice include; health education on neonatal jaundice, identification of risk factors, early detection of neonatal jaundice, proper assessment of babies with neonatal jaundice and early referral for good medical management.

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