Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2705-2214
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JPHD
Start Year: 2018

Prevalence and management of neonatal jaundice in a hospital, Jos-Nigeria   |   Article Number: 01A208292   |   Vol.6 (1) - July 2023

Received Date: 21 May 2023   |   Accepted Date: 10 July 2023  |   Published Date: 30 June 2023

Authors:  Nkereuwem Sunday Etukudoh , Uchejeso Mark Obeta* , Mabweh John Garang , Obiora Reginald Ejinaka , Imoh Ibanga and Tompe Akawu Kuruyang

Keywords: prevalence, Jaundice, Jos-Nigeria, neonatal

Neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) is one of the most common conditions that require medical attention in neonates. The medical condition is because of the imbalance between bilirubin production and its excretion. The accumulation of serum bilirubin in excess, elevates the values of bilirubin in neonates up to a high concentration as noted in the medical laboratory assay causing the yellowish colouration of skin and the eye. A retrospective study was carried out in OLA hospital from 2019 t0 2021 for neonates delivered within the period. The incidence of neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) in this study was 11.7%. The most common risk factor associated with neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) is ABO incompatibility, Preterm gestation and low birth weight (<2.5kg). Neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) is a common problem encountered in Neonatal Intensive Care Units of hospitals as seen in OLA Hospital in Jos. The recommended strategies that is involve in the prevention and control of neonatal jaundice include; health education on neonatal jaundice, identification of risk factors, early detection of neonatal jaundice, proper assessment of babies with neonatal jaundice and early referral for good medical management.

Bosschaart, N., Kok, J. H., Newsum, A. M., Ouweneel, D. M., Mentink, R., van Leeuwen, T. G., & Aalders, M. C. (2012). Limitations and opportunities of transcutaneous bilirubin measurements. Pediatrics, 129(4), 689-694.
Davuto─člu, M., Garipardiç, M., Güler, E., Karabiber, H., & Erhan, D. (2010). The etiology of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and complications of exchange transfusion. The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, 52(2), 163-166.
Eneh, A. U., & Ugwu, R. O. (2009). Perception of nonatal jaundice among women attending children out patient and immunization clinics of the UPTH Port Harcourt. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, 12(2), 187-191.
Etuk, S. J., Etuk, I. S., Ekott, M. I., & Udoma, E. J. (2000). Perinatal outcome in pregnancies booked for antenatal care but delivered outside health facilities in Calabar, Nigeria. Acta Tropica, 75(1), 29-33.
Greco, C., Arnolda, G., Boo, N. Y., Iskander, I. F., Okolo, A. A., Rohsiswatmo, R., Shapiro, S.M., Watchko, J., Wennberg, R.P., Tiribelli, C., & Coda Zabetta, C. D. (2016). Neonatal jaundice in low-and middle-income countries: lessons and future directions from the 2015 Don Ostrow Trieste Yellow Retreat. Neonatology, 110(3), 172-180.
Iacob, D., Boia, M., Iacob, R. E., & Manea, A. (2011). Neonatal jaundice-etiology and incidence. Jurnalul Pediatrului, 14, 55-56.
Dysart, K. C. (2021). Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia. Merck Manuals Professional Edition. Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway, NJ, USA.
Mitra, S., & Rennie, J. (2017). Neonatal jaundice: aetiology, diagnosis and treatment. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 78(12), 699-704.
Ojukwu, J. U., Abonyi, L. E., Ugwu, J., & Orji, I. K. (2006). Neonatal septicemia in high risk babies in South-Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Perinatal Medicine, 34, 166-172
Okechukwu, A. A., & Achonwa, A. (2009). Morbidity and mortality patterns of admissions into the special care baby unit of University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of clinical practice, 12(4), 389-394.
Olusanya, B. O., Osibanjo, F. B., Mabogunje, C. A., Slusher, T. M., & Olowe, S. A. (2016). The burden and management of neonatal jaundice in Nigeria: a scoping review of the literature. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, 19(1), 1-17.
Omoigberal, A. I., Sadoh, W. E., & Nwaneri, D. U. (2010). A 4 year review of neonatal outcome at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, 13(3), 321-325.
Owa, J. A., & Osinaike, A. I. (1998). Neonatal morbidity and mortality in Nigeria. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 65, 441-449.
Owa, J. A., Adebami, O. J., Fadero, F. F., & Slusher, T. M. (2011). Irradiance readings of phototherapy equipment: Nigeria. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 78, 996-998.
Shetty, A., & Kumar, B. S. (2014). A study of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in a tertiary care hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 3(10), 1289-92.
Udo, J. J., Anah, M. U., Ochigbo, S. O., Etuck, I. S., & Ekanem, A. D. (2008). Neonatal morbidity and mortality in Calabar, Nigeria: a hospital-based study. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, 11(3), 285-289.
Ugwa, R. O., Eneh, A. U., & Oruamabo, R. S. (2006). Blood transfusion therapy in neonates admitted into the special care baby unit (SCBU) of University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt. Nigerian Journal of Medicine, 15(4), 401-405.
Wan, A. S. L., Daud, S. M., Teh, S. H., Choo, Y. M., & Kutty, F. M. (2016). Management of neonatal jaundice in primary care. Malaysian Family Physician: The Official Journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia, 11(2-3), 16-19.