JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY DISCOVERY
Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2536-7064
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JBBD
Start Year: 2016
Email: jbbd@integrityresjournals.org


Pesticide residue analysis in Clarias gariepinus sold in Wukari market Taraba State, Nigeria

https://doi.org/10.31248/JBBD2017.057   |   Article Number: FB19D8121   |   Vol.3 (1) - February 2018

Received Date: 06 November 2017   |   Accepted Date: 06 December 2017  |   Published Date: 28 February 2018

Authors:  Yerima E. A. , Ushie O. A. , Malu S. P. , Longbap B. D. , Ogah E. and Gambo S. B.

Keywords: Wukari., pesticides, organophosphate, organochlorine, Clarias garepienus

This study reports the concentrations of the pesticide residues in Clarias gariepinus samples sold within Wukari Market using gas chromatography equipped with electron capture and flame photometric detectors. Among the pesticides analyzed in this study: α-BHC, β-BHC, chlorothalonil, heptachlor, aldrin, o,p-DDE, endosulfan I and II, P,P-DDE, PCB 153, PF-38, P,P-DDT were below LOD while lindane (0.006±0.0015) dieldrin (0.007±0.0012 µg/g), a-cypermethrin (0.072±0.0036 µg/g), b-cypermethrin (0.039±0.0012 µg/g), z-cypermethrin (0.031±0.0014 µg/g) were detected but at concentrations below the maximum regulatory limit (MRL) set by World Health Organization (WHO). However, adequate measures should be taken to preserve the aquatic life in the study area.

Afful, S., Anim, A. K., & Serfor-Armah, Y., (2010). Spectrum of Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Fish Samples from the Densu Basin. Research Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 2(3), 133-138.
 
Alcock, R. E., Behnisch, P. A., Jones, K. C., & Hagenmaier, H., (1998). Dioxin-like PCBs in the environment-human exposure and the significance of sources. Chemosphere, 37, 1457-1472.
Crossref
 
Berijani, S., Assadi, Y., Anbia, M., Milani Hosseini, M. R., & Aghaee, E. (2006). Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with gas chromatography-flame photometric detection. Journal of Chromatography A, 1123(1), 1-9.
Crossref
 
Darko, G., & Akoto, O. (2008). Dietary intake of organophosphorus pesticide residues through vegetables from Kumasi, Ghana. Food and Chem. Toxicolol., 46, 3703-3706.
Crossref
 
Davies, D. L., & Barlow, H. L. (1995). Can environmental estrogens cause breast cancer? Sci. Am., Pp. 144-147.
 
Ezemonye, L., Ogbeide, O., & Tongo, I. (2015). Distribution and ecological risk assessment of pesticide residues in surface water, sediment and fish from Ogbesse River, Edo state Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Etoxicology, 7(2), 20-30.
 
Furst, P., Furst, C., & Groebel, W., (1990). Levels of PCDDs and PCDFs in food-stuffs from the Federal Republic of Germany. Chemosphere, 20, 787-792.
Crossref
 
Giampiero, P., Teresa, G., Elisa, Z., & Patrizia, S. (2005). Residue analysis of organophosphorus pesticides in animal matrices by dual column capillary gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection. Journal of Chromatography A, 1071(1-2), 67-70.
Crossref
 
Gonçalves, C., & Alpendurada, M. F. (2002). Multiresidue method for the simultaneous determination of four groups of pesticides in ground and drinking waters, using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography with electron-capture and thermionic specific detection. Journal of Chromatography A, 968(1-2), 177–190.
Crossref
 
Hung, H., Halsall, C. J., Blanchard, P., Li, H. H., Fellin, P., & Stern, G. (2002). Temporal trends of organochlorine pesticides in the Canadian Arctic Atmosphere. Environ. Sci. Technol., 36, 862-868.
Crossref
 
Joseph, A., Mohammed, Z., Jafiya, L., Ogugbuaja, V. O. (2013). Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Fish Samples from Alau Dam, Borno State, North Eastern Nigeria. J. Environ. Anal. Toxicol., 3, 171.
 
Joseph, C. A., Zakari, M., Lami, J., & Stephen, I. A. (2013). Organophosphorus Pesticide Residues in Different Tissues of Fish Samples from Alau Dam, Borno State, Nigeria. World Journal of Fish and Marine Science, 5(5), 519-526.
 
Metcaff, R. L. (1997). Pesticides in aquatic environment. In: Khan, M.A.Q., P. 127. (Ed) Pesticides in Environment. Plenum Press, New York.
 
Shokrzadeh, M., Saeedi, S. S., Saravi, Y., & Zehtab, Y. (2009). Lindane Residues in Cultivated Cucumber and in the Most Consumed Fish in Caspian Sea (Iran), ‖ Toxicology and Industrial Health, 25(8), 517-523.
Crossref
 
Ogah, E., Ushie, A. O., Nkom, P. Y., Amah, S. O., Ugwuja, D. I., & Abiaziem, C. V. (2016). Determination of organochlorine pesticides in river Benue at Agatu using gas-chromatograph equipped with electron capture detector. Ewemen Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, 2(1), 45-50.
 
William, J., Tagoe, L., Drechsel, P., Kelderman, P., Gijzen, H., & Nyarko, E. (2008). Accumulation of persistence organochlorine contaminants in milk and serum of farmers from Ghana. Environmental research, 106(1), 17-26.
Crossref