JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY DISCOVERY
Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2536-7064
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JBBD
Start Year: 2016
Email: jbbd@integrityresjournals.org


Haematological and serum biochemical parameters as biomarkers of growth performance in artificially spawned Heterobranchus longifilis

https://doi.org/10.31248/JBBD2016.007   |   Article Number: 3135503C4   |   Vol.1 (1) - April 2016

Received Date: 09 February 2016   |   Accepted Date: 06 April 2016  |   Published Date: 30 April 2016

Authors:  Suleiman Bolanle* and Abdullahi Shu’aibu Akpai

Keywords: growth, Biochemical, haematological, Heterobranchus longifilis, juveniles.

This research aimed at assessing variation in haematological and biochemical profiles of F1 generation of Heterobranchus longifilis by growth. The juveniles were classified based on the total length of the individual fish at 8th week post-hatch according to their growth rates into “shooters” (> 15.5cm), “averages” and “runs” (< 12.5cm).  Haematological analysis was carried out using the automated Sysmex Haematology and Coagulation systems; serum biochemical assay was conducted via an automated Serological Roche Hitachi system. The haematological values of juvenile H. longifilis F1 ranged from 11.0 to 17.2 (g/dL), 32.9 to 51.5 (%) and 1.8 to 5.08 (k/µL) for haemoglobin, packed cell volume and white blood cells, respectively. Biochemical profile of juvenile H. longifilis F1 across three growth classes had mean values of 10.13 ± 3.23 (IU/L), 28.69 ± 14.12 (IU/L) and 3.77 ± 0.49 (mg/dL) for aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and total cholesterol respectively. As the growth quality increased corresponding increases in neutrophil, white blood cell, haematocrit, haemoglobin and alanine phosphatase were observed. Alanine aminotransferase was observed to decrease with increase in growth quality. The shooters’ were the healthiest. Haematological and serum biochemical parameters are good biomarkers of growth performance in H. longifilis. Further studies should be carried out on the association between growth factors, metabolic enzymes and sex hormones.

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