Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2536-7099
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JASVM
Start Year: 2016

Effects of breed, haemoglobin and potassium polymorphism on blood biochemical profiles of agro-pastoral goats   |   Article Number: FD6495A24   |   Vol.3 (1) - February 2018

Received Date: 26 December 2017   |   Accepted Date: 29 January 2018  |   Published Date: 28 February 2018

Authors:  Sam I. M.* , Ukpanah U. A. , Eyoh G. D. and Ekpo J. S.

Keywords: goats, Agro-pastoral, blood biochemical profile, haemoglobin, potassium.

This study was conducted to determine the effects of breed, haemoglobin (Hb) and potassium (k) types on blood profiles of agro-pastoral goat herds in North-Western Nigeria. A total of two hundred and fifty (250) agropastoral lactating does comprising of 109 Red Sokoto (RS), 26 Sahel (SH), 34 Kano Brown and 81 Crosses (CRS)   were involved in the study. Blood was sampled from all the animals and analysed for packed cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin concentration [Hb], sodium (Na), total protein (TP), albumin (Alb), globulin (Glob) and glucose (Glu). The effects of breed, haemoglobin and potassium types on blood biochemical profile were determined using General Linear Model (GLM) procedures of SAS, significant means were separated using Duncan Multiple Range Test. The electrophoretic analysis showed three haemoglobin genotypes HbAA, HbAB and HbBB and two potassium types were observed; low potassium (LK) and high potassium (HK). The results showed that all the blood parameters measured were within the range of normal values of serum electrolytes of goats. The breeds of goats had no significant influence on blood biochemical profiles sampled except Sahel goats which had higher Total Protein (64.44±0.49 g/l) and Albumin (31.12±0.37 g/l). It was concluded that haemoglobin and potassium types had no influence on blood biochemical profile of the herd of goat studied.

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