Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2536-7099
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JASVM
Start Year: 2016

Effect of graded levels of ginger rhizome (Zingiber officinale) meal on haematology of pubertal New Zealand white rabbits   |   Article Number: EEF0BAC76   |   Vol.3 (4) - August 2018

Received Date: 16 September 2017   |   Accepted Date: 13 October 2017  |   Published Date: 30 August 2018

Authors:  Ilo, S.U. and Egu, U.N.

Keywords: Blood, feed, trial, evaluation, gender, rabbits

Forty-eight sexually matured (7 to 8 months old) healthy New Zealand White rabbits consisting of male and female of equal sexes were used to determine the effect of graded levels of ginger rhizome meal on haematological parameters. The rabbits were divided into 4 treatment groups, identified as T1, T2, T3 and T4 and randomly assigned to four treatment diets in a randomized complete block design (RCBD). Each of the treatment groups consisted of 12 rabbits (6 does and 6 bucks) replicated 3 times with 4 rabbits per replicate. The levels of inclusion of the ginger rhizome meal were 0.00, 5.00, 10.00 and 15.00% identified as T1, T2, T3 and T4 respectively. Treatment one (T1) which contained no ginger rhizome meal served as the control. The rabbits were fed twice daily, in the morning and evening. Water was given ad libitum to the rabbits. After 30 days of the feeding trail, blood samples were randomly collected from 12 rabbits (6 does and 6 bucks) in each treatment group for hematological evaluation. The results showed that there were significant differences (P<0.05) among the treatment groups in haematological parameters: haemoglobin (HB), packed cell volume (PCV), mean corpuscular volume (MCV) , white blood cells (WBC), neutrophil, lymphocyte and monocyte values. There were no significant differences (P>0.05) among the treatment groups in red blood cells (RBC), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), basophils and monocyte values. The results further showed that the HB, PCV, RBC, WBC, neutrophil and lymphocyte values of the rabbits were significantly (P<0.05) influenced by sexes. Haemoglobin (12.72g/dl) PCV 37.87% RBC 5.54 (x1012/L) and lymphocytes (47.67%) of the male rabbits (bucks) were significantly (P<0.05) higher than their female (doe) counterparts 11.97 g/dl, 34.60%, 4.98 (x1012/L) and 39.00% respectively. Mean corpuscular volume (70.43 fl), WBC (9.07x109/L) and neutrophils (60.00%) of the female rabbits differed significantly (P<0.05) from their male counterparts 67.65 fl, 6.40x109/l and 51.33% respectively. The results of this study indicate that inclusion of ginger rhizome meal in the diets of the pubertal rabbits up to 5% improved the haematological indices of these rabbits.

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