Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2536-7072
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JASP
Start Year: 2016

Farm level correlation analysis of maize supply and market participation in Kaduna State, Nigeria   |   Article Number: 3C1A4CB11   |   Vol.6 (4) - August 2021

Received Date: 29 June 2021   |   Accepted Date: 19 July 2021  |   Published Date: 30 August 2021

Authors:  J. R. Mani* , Z. Abdulsalam and M. A. Damisa

Keywords: correlation, maize, output, market participation, technical efficiency.

Maize supply is limited by the structural and institutional constraints that have persisted despite market reforms in the State. The resultant effect is that smallholder subsistence farmers remain mostly outside the mainstream exchange economy, unable to take advantage of the exchange economy. Using data collected from 600 randomly selected maize farmers, descriptive statistics and the multiple regression model, the paper examined the correlation of maize supply and market participation in Kaduna State. Results of the descriptive statistics show that the average age, level of education, number of household members participating in maize production of the farmers were 44 years, 7 years and 9, respectively. The outcome of the multiple regression analysis established that maize supply is directly and significantly responsive to quantity of maize output sold (proxy for market participation) (0.956) and technical efficiency of farmers (739.29) at (p<0.01) of probability. Other significant variables were age (61.653), level of formal education (114.074) and years of farming experience, which were significant at different levels (p<0.05, p<0.01 and p<0.01, respectively). In conclusion, maize supply is directly and significantly responsive to market participation and technical efficiency of farmers. Maize farmers can increase commercialization through contract farming and produce buying centres. There is also the need for continuous government support to the agricultural sector

Abu, G. A., & Soom, A. (2016). Analysis of factors affecting food security in rural and urban farming households of Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics, 4(1), 55-68.
Alawode, O. O., Kabiru, B. A., & Akanbi, O. A. (2020). Land use intensity, crop diversification and productivity of farmers in Akinyele Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Environmental Studies Research, 8(3), 20-32
Barrett, C. B. (2007). Smallholder market participation: Concepts and evidence from Eastern and Southern Africa. Food Policy, 33(2008), 299-317.
Brooks, J., George, D., & Taylor, E. (2008). Modelling agricultural trade and policy impacts in less developed countries. OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Working Papers, No. 11, OECD publishing.
Cadoni, P., & Angelucci, F. (2013). Analysis of incentives and disincentives for maize in Nigeria. Technical notes series, Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policy (MAFAP), FAO, Rome.
Christopher, S. I., Otohinoyi, S., & Shanum, L. D. (2017). Impacts of commercial agricultural development project (CADP) on farmers' empowerment in Kaduna State (2010-2016). International Journal of Development and Management Review, 12(1), 92-113.
Delaporte, A., Jordan, C., & Singh, S. (2015). Nigeria's strategic grain reserves department school feeding linkages. Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF) working paper (No. 14).
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (2020). FAOSTAT statistical database. [Rome]: FAO
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (2021). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
Girei, A. A., Saingbe, N. D., Ohen, S. B., & Umar, K. O. (2018). Economics of small-scale maize production in Toto local government area, Nasarawa state, Nigeria. Agrosearch, 18(1), 90-104.
Heltberg, R., & Tarp, F. (2001). Agricultural supply response and poverty in Mozambique. Food Policy, 27(2), 103-124.
International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) (2019). Maize.
International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) (2012). Growing in Nigeria. Commercial crop production guide series. Information and communication support for agricultural growth in Nigeria. United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Pp. 1-8.
Issa, F. O., Kagbu, J. H., & Abdulkadir, S. A. F. (2016). Analysis of socio-economic factors influencing farmers' adoption of improved maize production practices in Ikara Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Agrosearch, 2(16), 15-24.
Iwuchukwu, J. C., & Igbokwe, E. M. (2012). Lessons from agricultural policies and programmes in Nigeria. Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization, 5, 11-21.
Kaduna State Government (KDSG) (2016). About Kaduna State.
Kaduna State Government (KDSG) (2021). Ministry of Agriculture-Kaduna State Government-The Ministry
Kaduna State Agricultural Development Project (KADP) (2016). Farm family village listings of Kaduna State.
Mason, N. M., & Liverpool-Tasi, S. (2016). An Introduction to Agricultural Household Models. Agricultural Households as Producers and Consumers: Set-Up and Insights from a Basic Ag Household. IAPRI-MSU Technical Training, Indaba Agricultural Policy Research Institute, Lusaka, Zambia.
Mgbenka, R. N., Mbah, E. N., & Ezeano, C. I. (2016). A review of smallholder farming in Nigeria: Need for transformation. International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Studies, 3(2), 43-54.
National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) and Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) (2017). 2017 Wet Season Agricultural Performance in Nigeria. NAERLS Press, Zaria.
National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) and Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) (2020). 2020 Wet Season Agricultural Performance in Nigeria. NAERLS Press, Zaria.
Nkang, N. M., Ndifan, H. N., & Edet, E. O. (2007). Maize supply response to changes in real prices in Nigeria. A vector error correction approach. Agricultural Journal, 2(3), 419-425.
Oladimeji, Y. U., Abdulsalam, Z, & Damisa, M. A. (2013). Socio-economic characteristics and returns to rural artisanal fishery households in Asa and Patigi LGAs of Kwara State, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Nature, 4(3), 445-455.
Reyes, B., Donovan, C., & Kelly, V. (2012). Baseline survey report: Raising the incomes of smallholder farmers in the Central Highlands of Angola: A model project for improving agricultural value chains in post-conflict nations.
Rios, A. R., Shively, G. E., & Masters, W. A. (2009). Farm productivity and household market participation: evidence from LSMS data. Paper presented at the International Association of Agricultural Economist Conference in Beijing, China, 16-22 August 2009.
Tariku, A. D., Tegegne, B., & Zemedu, L. (2018). Analysis of market decisions and intensity of market participation of smallholder wheat farmers in Adola Rede District of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. International Journal of Research Studies in Agricultural Sciences, 4(8), 1-11.
Tauer, L. W. (2017). Farmer productivity by age over eight US census years. In: International Farm Management Association Conference (pp. 2-7).
Taylor, J. E., & Adelman, I. (2003). Agricultural household models: genesis, evolution and extensions. Review of Economics of the Household., 1(1), 1-43.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2018). Human developments report.