Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2811-2407
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/IJAH
Start Year: 2020

The power of sacrifice and word in Igbo magical powers   |   Article Number: 30B9A3EC3   |   Vol.5 (1) - April 2024

Received Date: 18 February 2024   |   Accepted Date: 22 March 2024  |   Published Date: 30 April 2024

Author:  Ratzinger E. E. Nwobodo

Keywords: Igbo, magic, magical powers, sacrifice, the word.

Sacrifice is a religious act in which an object is offered to supernatural beings in order to build up, maintain or restore a right relationship of men to pure or perfect order. It is an essential means of restitution of vital force. Sacrifice is an important aspect of every religion and occultic practices. Magicians are seen performing different kinds of sacrifices. These sacrifices are performed at different times of the day; in the morning, at noon and/or in the midnight when everyone including spirits are believed to must have returned from their daily engagements. While offering sacrifices, the magician utters words, incantations and prayers. The word is indispensable in the practice of magic. Considering the inevitability of these two; sacrifice and the word in the magician's practice of his calling, one begins to wonder what role they play. What is the role of sacrifices in magical powers? Why are these sacrifices performed with vocalized prayers? Are uttered words really indispensable in the practice of magic? Why are most of their prayers and supplications during the sacrifice voiced? A hermeneutic approach to this study reveals that sacrifice revitalizes the potency and the efficacy of the magic and also a way of manipulating nature to achieve the magician's goal. It also shows that voiced words of prayer are more potent than silent words of prayer.

Aghamelu, F. C. (2006). Traditional African medicine philosophical foundations and apologetics. Essence Interdisciplinary - International Journal of Philosophy, 3, 66-96.
Arinze, F. A. (2008). Sacrifice in Igbo traditional religion. Onitsha: St. Stephen's Press, Inc.
Awolalu, J. O., & Dopamu, P. A. (1979). West African traditional religion. Ibadan: Obi Onye Press & Books Industries (Nig) Limited.
Basden, G.T. (1966). Among the Niger Ibos. London: Frankcass and Co. Ltd.
Britannica (1975). 'Sacrifice'. in Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol. 16. London: William Benton Publisher.
Edeh, E. M. P. (1985). Towards an Igbo metaphysics. USA: Loyola University Press.
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (1970). Nuer Religion. Oxford: Oxford University.
Heidegger, M. (1973). Cammino Verso il Linguaggio. Marsig: Milan.
Heidegger, M. (1974). An Introduction to metaphysics, Trans by Raph Manheim. London: Yale University Press.
Heidegger, M. (1980). An Introduction to Metaphysics, Trans by Raph Manheim. London: Yale University Press.
Iwu, M. M. (1990). Symbols and Selectivity in Traditional Medicine. Nsukka: University of Nigeria Press.
Jahn, J. (1961). Muntu: An outline of the new African culture. New York: Grove Press.
Jeffreys, M. D. W. (1946). Dual organisation in Africa. African studies, 5(2), 82-105.
Metuh, E. I. (1987). Comparative studies of African traditional religion. Onisha: IMICO Publishers.
Nnabuchi, N. (2010). The Red Bible, Vol. 1. Awka: Life Paths Printing Press (Nig) Limited.
Nze, C. B. (1986). Sacrifice as a restitution of vital force among the Igbo. Africana Marburgensia, 19(1), 29-36.
Okpalike C. J. B. G. (2008). Ịchuaja in Igbo traditional religion: A comparative study. New York: Universe, inc. Pp. 33-75.
Orji, M. O. (1999). The history and culture of the Igbo people before the advent of the Whiteman. Nkpor Jet Publishers Nigeria Limited.
Umeh, J. A. (1999). Igbo people: Their origin and culture area. Enugu: Gostak Printing and Publishing Co. Ltd.
Weston, W. L. (1994). Pray well: A holistic guide to health and renewal. Wadsworth, Off: Transitions Press.