Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2782-750X
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/GJFS
Start Year: 2018

Effects of replacing soya bean meal with fermented African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) meal on the growth performance and condition factor of Tilapia zilli fingerlings   |   Article Number: 9CA8D33D2   |   Vol.1 (1) - February 2019

Received Date: 25 January 2019   |   Accepted Date: 26 February 2019  |   Published Date: 28 February 2019

Authors:  Babalola O. A.* , Odu-Onikosi S. G. , Adam O. B. and Ogunyomi O. R.

Keywords: fish, Fingerlings, performance characteristics, plant protein meal, substituting.

The study was conducted to evaluate the performance characteristics of Tilapia zilli fingerlings fed with locust bean meal as a replacement for soya bean meal in the diet. Two hundred and ten (210) heterogeneous sexes of Tilapia zilli fingerlings with mean weight of 15.24±0.01g were reared for 84 days in five rectangular glass tanks measuring 0.9 m x 0.45 m x 0.45 m and partitioned into three replicates with 14 fingerlings in each replicate. Five experimental diets were formulated at 0% (soya bean meal only), 25%, 50%, 75% and 100 % locust bean meal inclusion levels at T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5 respectively. Results showed that there were no significant differences (p>0.05) among the treatments as compared to mean weight gained, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, specific growth rate, protein efficiency, mortality/survival rate. Fish fed 100% locust bean meal showed the best growth performance in body weight gain, food conversion ratio and specific growth rate (SGR) but with poor condition factor and high mortality rate (54.76%). The study indicated that fermented African locust bean meal could be included in the diets of Tilapia zilli at 50% inclusion level from the view point of low mortality rate and final condition factor over other treatments. African locust bean meal could also be recommended for food security management purposes in replacing soya bean meal in order to reduce conflict that could emanates from the wide range of usage for other dietary purposes.

Amisah, S., Oteng, M. A., & Ofori, J. K. (2009). Growth performance of the African catfish, Clarias gariepinus fed varying inclusion levels of Leucaena leucocephala leaf meal. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 13(1), 21-26.
Babalola, O. A., & Fiogbe D. E. (2017). Hydrology and heterogeneous distribution of water quality characteristics in the complex Porto-Novo lagoon ecosystem Journal of Aquatic Sciences 32(1B), 145-158.
Babalola, O. A., Onigemo. M. A., & Okochi. A. N. (2016). Growth response of Oreochromi niloticus fingerlings fed fermented Parkia biglobosa diets. Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 31(2B), 365-372.
Babatunde, R. O., Olagunju, F. I, Fakayode, S. B., & Adejobi, A. O. (2010). Determinants of participation in off-farm employment among small-holder farming households in Kwara State, Nigeria. Production, Agriculture and Technology, 6(2), 1-14.
Bardach, J. E., Ryther, J. H., & McLarney, W. O. (1986). Aquaculture, the farming and husbandry of Freshwater and marine organisms. Wiley-Inter Science Inc. New York. 868p.
Brown, D. A., & McLeay, D. J. (1975). Effect of nitrite on methemoglobin and total hemoglobin of juvenile rainbow trout. The Progressive Fish-Culturist, 37(1), 36-38.
Datta, S. N., Kaur, V. I., Dhawan, A., & Jassal, G. (2013). Estimation of length-weight relationship and condition factor of spotted snakehead Channa punctata (Bloch) under different feeding regimes. SpringerPlus, 2(1), 436.
EIFAC (1973). water quality criteria for European freshwater fish.
El-Sayed, A. F. M. (1999). Alternative dietary protein sources for farmed tilapia, Oreochromis spp. Aquaculture, 179(1-4), 149-168.
Crossref (2018). "Fall Forum".
FAO (2004). Protein sources for the animal feed industry. FAO, Animal Production and Health Proceedings ISBN 92-5-105012-0.
Fetuga, B. L., Babatunde, G. M., & Oyenuga, V. A. (1974). Protein quality of some unusual protein foodstuffs. Studies on the African locust-bean seed (Parkia filicoidea Welw.). British Journal of Nutrition, 32(1), 27-36.
Froese, R., & Pauly, D. (2013). Fish stocks. Encyclo-pedia of Biodiversity (ed S. Levin), 3rd edn. Academic Press, Cambridge, MA, Pp. 477-487.
Fulton, T. W. (1904). The rate of growth of fishes. Twenty-second Annual Report, 141-241.
Gernah, D. I., Atolagbe, M. O., & Echegwo, C. C. (2007). Nutritional composition of the African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) fruit pulp. Nigerian Food Journal, 25(1), 190-196.
ICLARM (2007). Oreochromis niloticus.
Little, T. M., & Hills, F. J. (1978). Agricultural experimentations– Design and analysis. Wiley, New York. p. 350
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (2008). Strategic Plan.
NACA (2004). Sustainability in Aquaculture: designing for the future. Report no. 04.2.081E. NL – 2500 EK The Hague. ISBN: 90 – 5059 – 230 – 9
National Research Council (NRC) (1993) Nutrient requirements of fish. National Academy Press, Washington DC. 114p.
Odebunmi, E. O., Oluwaniyi O. O., & Bashiru, M. O. (2010). Comparative Proximate Analysis of some Food Condiments. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 6(3), 272-274.
Odunfa, S. A. (1986). Dawadawa In: Legume based fermented of foods. Ed. Reddy, N. R., Pierson, M. D., Salunkhe, D. K. (eds.). CRC Press Inc. Boca Raton, Florida.
Oke, O. L., & Umoh, I. B (1987). Lesser-known, oil seeds chemical composition. Nutri. Rep. Int., 17, 293-297.
Oladunmoye, M. K. (2007). Effects of fermentation on nutrient enrichment of locust beans (Parkia biglobosa, Robert bam). Research Journal of Microbiology, 2(2), 185-189.
Tom, L., & Van-Nostrand, R. (1986). Nutrition and feeding of fish. New York. p. 260.
Wenk, C. Pfirter, H. P., & Bickel, H. (2003). Energetic aspects of feed conversion in growing pigs. Livestock Production Science, 7(5), 483-495.