GLOBAL JOURNAL OF EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2636-6002
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/GJEES
Start Year: 2016
Email: gjees@integrityresjournals.org


Air pollution - Induced biochemical changes in some plants in selected forest reserves in Edo State, Nigeria

https://doi.org/10.31248/GJEES2017.012   |   Article Number: 063CF4F71   |   Vol.2 (4) - December 2017

Received Date: 08 September 2017   |   Accepted Date: 20 November 2017  |   Published Date: 30 December 2017

Authors:  Agbaire, P. O.* , Akporhonor, E. E. and Ogboru R. O.

Keywords: 10.31248/GJEES2017.012

Air pollution has been reported to induce biochemical changes in plants leaves. This study determined the effect of air pollution on chlorophyll a and b and carotenoids of leaf samples from three forest reserves in Edo state, Nigeria. The leaves of the plants were collected from mature trees and used to determine the values of Chlorophyll a, Chlorophyll b and carotenoid using standard methods of analysis. Ogba Forest was found to be lowest in both chlorophyll-a and b in Dacryodes edulis (5.00±12.0 mg/100g) and Moringa oleifera (20.09±12.72 mg/100g). Chlorophyll-a was, however, highest in Hura crepitans (16.78±32.45 mg/100g) while chlorophyll-b was highest in Dacryodes edulis (46.25±8.97 mg/100g). While UNIBEN forest reserve recorded the lowest chlorophyll-a value in Moringa oleifera (4.42±24.93 mg/100g) and exhibited lowest value of chlorophyll-b in Albiza labbek (10.33+35.69 mg/100 g). Saponba forest reserve recorded lowest chlorophyll-a in Magnifera indica (7.05±11.48 mg/100g), it was however, highest in Irvinga garbonesis (14.61±18.14 mg/100 g). Its value in chlorophyll-b, however, ranged from 12.66±1.68 to 31.05± 20.14 mg/100g. Same trend was observed with the carotenoid contents across board. Ogba forest reserve indicated the lowest value from Dacryodes edulis (6.72±6.73mg/100g), it was highest in Hura crepitans (23.86±7.84 mg/100g). UNIBEN forest reserve recorded lowest in Magnifera indica (3.10±0.37 mg/100g) and highest in Dacryodes edulis (21.73±15.11 mg/100g). Saponba forest reserve was not different in trend, as its lowest value was recorded in Entadrophragma angolensis (0.04±2.23 mg/100g) and highest in Magnifera indica (11.17±3.20 mg/100g). Species lowest in both chlorophyll-a and b and carotenoids are therefore more susceptible to the impact of air pollution in their respective forest reserves.

Agbaire, P. O., & Esiefarienrhe, E. (2009). Air pollution tolerance indices (APTI) of some plants around Otorogun Gas Plant in Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Science Environmental Management. 13, 11-14.
 
Agbaire, P. O., Ogboru,R. O., & Akporhonor, E. E. (2016). Assessment of the Effect of Ambient air quality on some biochemical parameters in Edo State, Niger-Delta, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 4(3), 696-703.
 
Anatoly, A. G., Yoav, Z., Olga, B. C., & Mark, N. M. (2002). Assesing carotenoid content in plant leaves with reflectance spectroscopy. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 75(3), 272-281.
Crossref
 
Anamaria, M. (2015). Chlorophyll and Crotenoid content in lettuce and Nettle leaves. Ecotoxicologie, 14, 243-248
 
Mate, A. R., & Deshmukh, R. R. (2016). Analysis of effects of air pollution on chlorophyll, water, carotenoid and anthocyanin content of tree leaves using spectral indices. International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing, 6(5), 5465-5473.
 
Cuttris, A. J., Abby, J., Caazzonelli, C., Wurtyel, E. T., & Pogsons, B (2011). Carotenoids. Australian National University Libarian Research Publictions. P 25-26
Crossref
 
Dash, J., & Curran, P. J. (2004). The MERIS terrestrial chlorophyll index. International Journal of Remote Sensing 25, 5003-5013.
Crossref
 
David, L. (2009). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. (90th ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.
 
Gross, J. (1991). Pigments in vegetables: Chlorophyll and Carotenoids. Van Nostrand Rienhold, New York. Pp. 45-237.
Crossref
 
Iqbal, M. Z., Shafig, S., Qamar, Z., & Athar, M. (2015). Effect of automobile pollution on Chlorophyll content of roadside urban trees. Global Journal Environmental Science management, 1(4), 283-296.
 
Joshi, P. C & Swami, A. (2009). Air pollution induced changes in the photosynthetic pigments of selected plant species. Journal of Environmental Biology, 30(2), 295-298.
 
Jenson, A. (1978). Chlorophyll and Carotenoids. In: Hand book of phycological Methods. Hellebust, J. A., and Craigie, J. S. (eds.). Cambridge University Press, London. Pp. 59-70
 
Kapoor, C. S., & Chittora, A. K. (2016). Efficent control of air pollution through plants a cost effective alternatives. Journal of Climatology and Weather Forcasting. 4, 184
 
Kousar, H., Kumar, N., Pavithra, K., & Patel, A. M. (2014). Analysis of biochemical parameters as Tolerance index of certain chosen plant species of Bhadravathi town. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3, 11-16.
 
Larcher, W. (1995). Physiological plant ecology, Berlin Springer. Pp. 121-123.
Crossref
 
Lichtenthaler, H. K. (1985). Chlorophylls and carotenoids: pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Methods Enzymol, 148, 350-382.
Crossref
 
Lisiewska, Z., Waldemar, K., & Anna, K. (2006). Content of Vitamin C, Caroenoid, Chlorophylls and Polyphenols in green parts of Dill (Anethium graveolens L.) depending on Plant height. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 19, 134-140.
Crossref
 
Lisiewska, Z., S"upski, J., & Korus, A., (2001). Influence of cultivation period, cultivar and usable part on content of chlorophylls and volatile oils in dill (Anethum graveolens L.). Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universites.
Link
 
Marcelo, F. P., Suele, C. F., Marcel, T., Marco, S., & Eugenia, C. P. (2012). Spectrophotometric determination of Chloroplastidic pigments in acetone, ethanol and dimethylsulphoxide. Brazillian Journal of Biosciences. 11(1), 52-58.
 
Merzlyak, M. N., & Gitelson, A. A. (1995). Why and what for the leaves are yellow in autumn? On the interpretation of optical spectra of senescing leaves (Acer platanoides L.) Journal of Plant Physiology 145, 315-320.
Crossref
 
Nayek, S., Choudhury, J. H., Jaishee, N., & Roy, S. (2014). Spectrophotometric analysis of chlorophylls and carotenoids from commonly grown fern species by using various extracting solvent. Research Journal of Chemical Science. 4(9), 63-69.
 
Nichiporovich, A. A. (1974). Chlorophyll and Photosynthetic productivity in plants. Shlyk, A. A., (ed.), Minsk: Nauka I Tekhnika. Pp. 49-62.
 
Penuelas, J., Filella, I., Biel, C., Serrano, L., & Save, R. (1993). The reflectance at the 950-970nm region as an indicator of plant water status. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 14, 1887-1905.
Crossref
 
Raza, S. H., & Murthy, M. S. R. (1998). Air pollution Tolerance Index of Certain Plants of Nacharam Industrial Area, Hyderabad. Indian Journal of Botany, 11(1), 91-95.
 
Shaikh S. D., & Dongare, M. (2008). Analysis of photosynthesis pigments in Adiantum lunulatum Burm at different localities of Sindhudurg District (Maharastra). Indian Fern J., 25, 83-86.
 
Shiragave, D. D., Ramteke, A. A., & Patil, S. D. (2015). Plant responses to vehicular pollution: specific effect on photosynthetic pigments of plants at divider of NH-4 highway Nipani Area, Karnataka State, India. Central European Journal of Experimental Biology, 4(2), 1-4.
 
Sims, D. A., & Gamon, J. A. (2002). Relationship between leaf pigment content and spectra reflectance across a wide range species, leaf structures and development stages. Remote Sensing Environment, 18, 337-354.
Crossref
 
Giri, S., Shrivastava, D., Deshmukh, K., & Dubey, P. (2013). Effect of air pollution on chlorophyll content of leaves. Current Agriculture Research Journal, 1(2), 93-98.
Crossref
 
Tripathi, A. K., & Gautam, M. (2007). Biochemical parameters of plants as indicators of air pollution. Journal of Environmental Biology, 28(1), 127-132.
 
Vicas, S. I., Laslo, V., Pantea, S., & Bandict, G. E. (2010). Chlorophyll and carotenoids pigments from Mistletoe (Viscum album) leaves using different solvents, Fascicula Biology., 2, 213–218.
 
Wellburn, A. R. (1994). The spectral determination of chlorophylls a and b, as well as total carotenoids, using various solvents with spectrophotometers of different resolution. Journal of plant physiology, 144(3), 307-313.
Crossref