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JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY DISCOVERY
Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2536-7064
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JBBD
Start Year: 2016
Email: jbbd@integrityresjournals.org


JBBD Articles


Pesticide Residue Analysis In Clarias Gariepinus Sold In Wukari Market Taraba State, Nigeria
This study reports the concentrations of the pesticide residues in Clarias gariepinus samples sold within Wukari Market using gas chromatography equipped with electron capture and flame photometric detectors. Among the pesticides analyzed in this study: α-BHC, β-BHC, chlorothalonil, heptachlor, aldrin, o,p-DDE, endosulfan I and II, P,P-DDE, PCB 153,... Continue here

Molecular Characterization Of Methicillin Resistance Gene Among Staphylococcus Aureus Isolated From Poultry Farms In Kaduna, Nigeria
Zoonotic transfer of resistance genes has been reported as one of the major causes of increased community associated methicillin resistance Staphylococcus aureus (CAMRSA), which has contributed to high hospital visit, mortality and morbidity in clinic. This study evaluates the occurrence of S. aureus encoding mecA gene in poultry birds from Kaduna metropolis.... Continue here

Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns Of Uropathogenic Escherichia Coli Among Patients With Urinary Tract Infections In A Tertiary Care Hospital In Maiduguri, North Eastern, Nigeria
Escherichia coli (E. coli) has been identified as the most common uropathogenic bacterial pathogen with increasing resistance to antibiotics. Aetiology of urinary tract infections (UTI) and their antibiotic sensitivity patterns vary from time to time and across different areas. In Nigeria, studies on the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of... Continue here

Quantitative Assessment Of Phytochemicals And Nutritional Potential Of Leaves And Seeds Of Cleome Viscosa From Abakaliki, Nigeria
The phytochemicals and nutritional potential of the leaves and seeds of Cleome viscosa were assessed by determining phytochemical, proximate, vitamin and mineral compositions. Results indicate alkaloid contents of the leaves and seed as 0.21 and 6.12 mg/100g respectively. Other findings are flavonoids 0.02 and 0.45, tannins 0.08 and 1.18, phenol 0.50 and 0.04,... Continue here

Nutritional Evaluation And Proximate Analysis Of Varieties Of Some Edible Leafy Vegetables In Northern Nigeria
Vegetables are highly consumed in all the states across Northern Nigeria where they constitute a major source of nutritious food. However, their assessment as food, which is based on their chemical analysis, has not been adequately studied and documented in the areas. Standard procedures were used to determine the proximate and chemical composition of all... Continue here

Toxicity And Oviposition Inhibitory Effect Of Extract And Powder Of Momordica Charantia Leaf Against Callosobruchus Maculatus Fab. (coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) On Stored Cowpea Seed
The pulse beetles, Callosobruchus maculatus is a principal field-to store pest of cowpea in the tropics and at present synthetic insecticides constitute a major means of control. The insecticidal effect of ethanolic extracts and powders of Momordica charantia leaf against the cowpea beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus Fab. were carried out in the laboratory. The... Continue here

Assessment Of Indoor Residual Spraying And Entomological Collections Of Mosquitoes At The Student Village Of Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
Mosquitoes are found around our surroundings as they cause public disturbances whether harmful or beneficial. Mosquitoes are insect vectors which transmit many dreadful diseases causing serious health problems to human being. In this study, two sampling sites were selected, mud and concrete houses. Indoor mosquitoes were collected with the use of knock-down... Continue here

Malaria Parasitaemia Among Patients Attending General Hospital Minna, North Central Nigeria
Malaria is one of the most widespread parasitic infections globally and is a major cause of mortality, particularly in regions of high malaria endemicity. This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of malaria infection and parasitaemia among patients attending General Hospital, Minna, North Central Nigeria. A total of one thousand and seventy-one... Continue here

Evaluation Of The Chemical Composition Of Persea Americana (mill) Pulp And Seed
The chemical composition of Persea americana pulp and seed was investigated. Edible and non-edible parts of the fruits (pulp and seeds) were compared considering their possible role in improving the sustainability of the food and pharmaceutical industries. The results obtained showed that the investigated samples contain minerals such as carbon... Continue here

Performance Of Cajanus Cajan [l.] Millsp. And Sesbania Sesban As Cooking Fuel
Studies on the performance of Cajanus cajan and Sesbania sesban as cooking fuel was carried out. The germination rate was monitored from outset of the cotyledon till maturity within six months and the biomass was compared with Isoberlinia doka. Seedlings were established in the field in the fourth week on a single row per ridge with an interval of 30 cm.The growth... Continue here

Molecular Characterization And The Effectiveness Of Native Entomopathogenic Beauveria Bassiana Strains Against Adults Of Mediterranean Fruit Fly (ceratitis Capitata)
Molecular characterization of locally isolated Beauveria bassiana (Cordycipitaceae, Hypocreales) strains and their pathogenicity against Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) adults are herein reported for the first time. Molecular identification based on the phylogenetic analyses of ITS-rDNA and combined data of TEF1 and Bloc, revealed that all fungal strains... Continue here

Integrated Control Of Postharvest Decay On Sweet Orange Fruits By Hot Water And Sodium Carbonate (na2co3) Applications
Integrated control of postharvest decay on sweet orange fruits by hot water and sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) applications during subsequent storage at 28°C was investigated and the effect of such treatment on internal quality attributes of orange fruits determined. Mature sweet orange fruits without bruises were selected and washed in 2% sodium hypochlorite... Continue here

Haematological And Serum Biochemical Parameters As Biomarkers Of Growth Performance In Artificially Spawned Heterobranchus Longifilis
This research aimed at assessing variation in haematological and biochemical profiles of F1 generation of Heterobranchus longifilis by growth. The juveniles were classified based on the total length of the individual fish at 8th week post-hatch according to their growth rates into “shooters” (> 15.5cm), “averages” and “runs”... Continue here

Bioactivities Of Solanum Xanthocarpum Isolated From Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India
The current research is mainly focused on the bio-products from natural sources. The natural products provide various applications as antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiviral agents. Even the potential anticancer drugs have been extracted from natural products. Keeping this in mind, the current research has been implemented to extract the antioxidants from a... Continue here

Microbiological And Physicochemical Studies Of Spent Lubricating Oil Contaminated Soil Amended With Wood Ash
Microbiological and physicochemical studies of spent lubricating oil contaminated soil amended with wood ash (10% amendment level) were carried out for a period of 56 days. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of wood ash in conditioning spent lubricating oil contaminated soil. Serial dilution and pour plate methods were used in enumerating microbial... Continue here

An Overview Of Biomass And Biogas For Energy Generation: Recent Development And Perspectives
Biogas from biomass appears to have potential as an alternative energy source, which is potentially rich in biomass resources. This is an overview of some salient points and perspectives of biogas technology. The current literature is reviewed regarding the ecological, social, cultural and economic impacts of biogas technology. This communication gives an overview... Continue here

Assessment Of Commonly Used Hospital Disinfectants On Bacteria Isolated From The Operating Theatre
Assessment of commonly used hospital disinfectants on bacteria isolated from the operating theatre of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital Sokoto was evaluated. Bacterial species were isolated by settling plate method, using Nutrient and MacConkey agar as the isolating medium. The isolates were fully characterized by standard methods. Isolated bacteria... Continue here

Estimation Of Sugars And Volatiles In The Honeydew Of Bemisia Tabaci Genetic Groups Meam-i And Asia-i
Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) is a species complex, affecting wide varieties of crops globally, mainly a dreaded vector of Gemini viruses. It also causes extensive damage as a pest through direct feeding on the phloem sap and impacting crop yield by excreting copious amounts of honeydew. Sugars of honeydew serve as an excellent source for predators and parasitoids in... Continue here

Molecular Characterization Of Methicillin Resistant Staph. Aureus From Poultry Farms In Kano State, Nigeria
There is presently an increased rate of resistance by methicillin resistant Staph. aureus against commonly prescribed antibiotics for Staph aureus infection. This strain of Staph. aureus is not only a problem in clinical sector but also in livestock disease treatment and management as transferability of this resistant gene in zoonotic outbreak might be possible.... Continue here

Preliminary Study Of Mechanic Workshop Soil Amended With Juice Extracted From Lime (citrus Aurantifolia)
Bioremediation potential of lime extract (Citrus aurantifolia) on mechanic workshop soil was studied for a period of 56 days. The microbial enumeration was carried out using serial dilution and pour plate method. The bacteria count ranged from 6.3×103 to 6.8×104 cfu/g for oil free soil (OFS), 0.8×103 to 9.8×104cfu/g for mechanic workshop... Continue here

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