Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2536-7099
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JASVM
Start Year: 2016

Performance response of feedlot Bunaji bulls to dietary melon seed husk meal inclusion   |   Article Number: E0220F4D4   |   Vol.3 (4) - August 2018

Received Date: 21 June 2018   |   Accepted Date: 17 July 2018  |   Published Date: 30 August 2018

Authors:  Kembe, T. , Gwaza, D. S. and Wuanor, A. A.*

Keywords: Bunaji bulls, dietary inclusion, feedlot, melon seed husk meal, performance response.

A 90-day study was conducted to evaluate the performance response of feedlot Bunaji bulls to dietary melon seed husk meal inclusion. Twelve Bunaji bulls aged two years and weighing 105 Kg on the average were randomly divided into four groups of three bulls each and allotted to four dietary treatments in a Completely Randomized Design in which each bull served as a replicate. The experimental diets were formulated using maize offal, palm kernel meal, soya bean haulm, cowpea husk, soya meal, rice offal, melon seed husk, bone ash and table salt. Melon seed husk meal (MSHM) was included in the diets at 0, 5, 10 and 20% corresponding to T1, T2, T3 and T4 respectively. Elephant grass (forage) and water were offered ad libitum while the experimental diets containing the melon seed husk meal were fed at 3.0% body weight of the bulls. Results obtained at the end of the study showed that there were no significant differences (P>0.05) in the initial body weight, average daily supplement intake, average daily forage intake, average daily total feed intake, average daily body weight gain, feed conversion ratio and final body weight. There were significant differences (P<0.05) in the average daily water intake whose values were 13.66, 13.42, 12.47 and 12.26 litres for T1, T2, T3 and T4 respectively. It was concluded that inclusion of melon seed husk meal in the diets did not exert any deleterious effect on the performance of the feedlot Bunaji bulls. It was recommended that melon seed husk meal can be included up to 10% in the supplementary diets of feedlot Bunaji bulls.

Abdulrazak, S., Otie D., & Omwegde, Y. A. (2014). Proximate analysis and anti-nutritional factors of ground nut and melon husk. Online Journal of Animal Feed Research, 4(2), 25-28.
Ahemen, T., Bitto, I. I., & Anugwa, F.O.I. (2011). Sperm production rate, gonadal and extragonadal sperm reserves of West African Dwarf rams in the Southern Guinea Savannah of Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 13, 29-35.
AOAC (1990). Official methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington D.C.15th edition.
Balogun, A. M., & Fetuga, L. B. (1988). Tannin, phytin and oxalate content of some wild under-utilized crop-seeds in Nigeria. Food Chemistry, 30, 37-43
Bobo, A. G., Bulama, E. A., & Bah, S. U. (2017). Effects of feeding agro by-products supplemented with concentrate (Ricogado) in cattle fattening. Imperial Journal of Inter Disciplinary Research, 3(12), 392-397.
Bradbury, M. G., Egan, S. V., & Bradbury, H. (1991). Determination of all forms of cyanogens in cassava roots and cassava products using picrate paper kits. Journal of Science, Food and Agriculture, 79, 593-601.
Carpenter, K. J., & Clegg, K. M. (1956). The Metabolizable energy of poultry feeding stuff in relation to their chemical composition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 7(1), 45-51.
FAO (2006). The state of food and agriculture. Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations. Rome, 2006.
Hashimoto, M., Funaba, M., Abe, M., & Oshima, S. (1995). Dietary protein levels affect water intake and urinary excretion of magnesium and phosphorus in laboratory rats. Experimental Animals, 44(1), 29-35.
Idoko, A. S., Oladiji, A. T., Yakubu, M. T., & Aska, A. S. (2014). Effect of heat treatment on nutrient and anti-nutrient component of melon (citrullus colocynthis) husk. Research Journal of Chemical Science, 4(4), 28-32.
Ikhatua, U. J., & Olayiwole, M. B. (1982). Seasonal effects on performance of feedlot bulls. Journal of Animal Production, 2(2), 99-111.
Lamidi, O. S., Adamu, A. M., Ehoche, O. W., & Alawa, J. P. (2007). Replacement value of sun dried broiler litter and cotton seed cake in the fattening diets for Bunaji bulls. Journal of Animal Production Resources, 20 (1-2), 99-112.
Makkar, A. O. S., & Goodchild, A. V. (1996). Quantification of tannins: A laboratory Manual. International centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Alepopo, Syria.
McDonald, C. J. (2012). Factors that impact water intake of feedlot steers throughout the feed lot period. Graduate Theses and Dissertations 12400.
Minitab Statistical Software (1991). Minitab statistical software, Rehearse 15.0. Minitab Inc., State College, P.A. USA.
Nyakuma, B. (2015). Pyrolysis kinetics of melon (Citrullus colocynthus L) seed husk.
Nyakuma, B., Oladokun, O., Dodo, Y., Wong, S, Uthman U., & Halim, M. (2016). Fuel characterization and thermogravimetric analysis of melon (Citrullis colocynthus L.) seed husk. Chemistry and Chemical Technology, 10(4), 493-497.
Obadoni, B. O., & Ochoku, P. O. (2001). Phytochemical studies and comparative efficacy of the crude extracts of some homeostatic plants in Edo and Delta States of Nigeria. Global Journal of Pure Applied Science, 8, 203-208.
Ogbe, A. O. & Alu, S. E. (2014). The Effect of Utilizing Melon Husk meal with wild Mushroom (Ganoderma Spp) and enzyme supplement on performance characteristics of broiler chicken. International Journal of Current Research and Academic Review, 2(3), 138-148.
Ogbe, A. O., & George, G. A. L. (2012). Nutritional and anti-nutritional composition of melon husk: Potential as feed ingredients in poultry diet. Research Journal of Chemical Science, 2(2)35-39.
Onwuka, G. I. (2005). Food analysis and instrument (theory and practice). Department of food science and technology, Michael Okpora University of Agriculture.
Oyibo, A., & Wuanor, A. A. (2018). Effect of Feeding Diets Containing Graded Levels of Melon Seed Husk Meal on Performance of Feedlot Bunaji Bulls. Proceedings, 43rd Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production, March 18th – 22nd 2018, FUT Owerri.
Peng, W., Ji-Chun, T., Walker, C. E., & Feng-Cheng, W. (2009). Determination of phytic acid in cereals – A brief review. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 44(9), 1671-1676.
QLG (2018). Queens Land Government Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. Factors affecting feed intake.
Quizlet (2018). Nutrition Lecture 13. Factors affecting feed intake/consumption.
Sanwo, K. A., Iposu, S. O., Oso, A. O., Fanimo, A. O., & Abiola, S. S. (2011). Growth performance, nutrient intake and digestibility of goat fed melon husk and palm oil slurry at 30% inclusion level. Nigerian Journal of Animal production, 38(2), 55-62.
Shang, R., Wu, H., Guo, R., Liu, Q., Pan, L., Li, J., Hu, Z., & Chan, C. (2016). The diversity of four antinutritional factors in common bean. Horticultural Plant Journal, 2(2), 97-104.
Steel, R. G. D., & Torrie, J. H. (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. New York, McGraw-Hill Book company. 633p.
Van Soest, P. J., Robertson, J. B., & Lewis, B. A. (1991). Methods for dietary fibre, neutral detergent fibre, and non – starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74, 3583-3597.
Wuanor, A. A., Ayoade, J. A., & Ani, F. O. (2015). Performance of feedlot Bunaji bulls supplemented varying levels of an agricultural industrial by- products based diet. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 8(80), 74-78.
Wuanor, A. A., Abang, F. B., Agbo, C., & Haruna, I. Y. (2018). Performance and blood Profiles of feedlot Bunaji bulls fed diets containing graded levels of Shea Nut Cake. International Journal of Agriculture and Biosciences, 7(2), 106-111.