Integrity Research Journals

ISSN: 2536-7072
Model: Open Access/Peer Reviewed
DOI: 10.31248/JASP
Start Year: 2016

Effect of genotype on haematology and serum biochemistry of Nigerian indigenous roosters (cockerels)   |   Article Number: 9F96F7B45   |   Vol.3 (6) - December 2018

Received Date: 25 August 2018   |   Accepted Date: 04 October 2018  |   Published Date: 31 December 2018

Authors:  Ilo, S. U. and Egu, U. N.*

Keywords: haematology, genotype, Blood chemistry, indigenous chicken.

An experiment was conducted to determine the haematology and serum biochemistry of three genotypes of Nigerian indigenous roosters. A total of twenty-seven roosters aged 8 months were used. They were divided into 3 treatment groups as T1, T2 and T3, representing frizzled, naked neck and normal feathered roosters respectively. Each of the treatment group consisted of Nine (9) roosters, replicated 3 times with 3 roosters per replicate in a completely randomized design (CRD). They were fed grower mash for 35 days after which blood samples were collected for haematological and serum biochemical evaluation. The parameters measured included haemoglobin (Hb), red blood cell (RBC), white blood cell (WBC), packed cell volume (PCV), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular heamoglobin concentration (MCHC), total protein, albumin, urea, globulin, glucose, creatinine and cholesterol. The results of the study revealed that all the parameters measured showed no significant differences (P>0.05) among the treatment groups although variations were observed among the different genotypes. More so, almost all the parameters measured are within the normal ranges for chicken.

Ajayi, F. O., Agaviezzor, B. O., & Torukuru, S. (2009). Fertility and hatchability of indigenous chicken as influenced by major genes in the rainforest zone of Nigeria. Proceedings of the 13th Annual Animal Science Association of Nigeria, September 15th -19th, 2008, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Pp. 81-83.
Aka, L. O., Eze, L., Ofor, G. C., & Igbokwe, C. O. (2008). Time dependent postpartum Haematological, Biochemical and Rectal Temperature Changes in West African Dwarf Ewes. Nigerian Society for Animal Production Proceeding 23rd Annual Conference. Pp. 111-115.
Ameh, M. (2004). Effect of Pergonal® on Semen Quality, Haematological values and carcass characteristics of the Nigerian local cocks. M.Sc. Thesis Department of Animal Science and Fisheries, Abia State University, Umuahia, Nigeria.
Banerjee, G. C. (2007). A Textbook of Animal Husbandry (8th edition). Oxford and IBH Publishing co PVT Ltd New Delhi India.
Boisness, R. W., & Taussky, H. H. J. (1985). Determination of creatinine in plasma and urine. J. Biol. Chem., 58, 581-589.
Churias, N. U. (2002). Haematological changes observed in a clinical case of infectious bronchitis complicated with E. coli. Proceeding XXI World Poultry Congress August 20-24, 2000, Montreal Canada (CD ROM).
Davis, J. V. & Lewis, S. M. (1991). Practical Haematology. 8th edition, Long Group Ltd. Pp. 21-68
Egbe-Nwiiyi, T. N., Wafarand, E., & Nwosu, S.C. (2000). Haematological and biochemical values in apparently healthy camels (Camelus dromidarius) in semi-arid zone of Borno State, Nigeria. Tropical Vet., 18:128-132.
Egu, U. N. (2017). Haematologial and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Mature Harco cocks Treated with Human Menopausal Gonadotrophin (Diclair®) for Spermatogenesis. Inter. J. Environ., Agric. and Biotech., 2(1), 429-436.
Egu, U. N., & Ukpabi, U. H. (2015). Effect of Gonadotrophin (Pergonal®) on haematology, immune/leucocyte status and serum metabolites of mature Yankasa rams treated for sperm production, Inter. J. Vet. Sci., 4(4): 216 - 220.
Esonu, B. O., Emelalom, O. O., Udedibie, A. B. I., Herbert, U., Ekpor, C. F., Okoli, I. C., & Iheukwumere, F. C. (2001). Performance and Blood Chemistry of Weaner pigs Fed Raw Mucuna bean (velvet bean) meal. Trop. Anim. Prod. Invest., 4, 49-54.
Etim, N. N., & Oguike, M.A. (2011). Haematology and Serum Biochemistry of Rabbits Does Fed Aspilia africana. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment, 7(4), 121-127.
Frandson, R. D. (2002). Anatomy and Physiology of farm animals 3rd ed. Published by Bialiere Tindal, London, Pp. 32-54.
Horst, P. (1989). Native fowl as a reservoir for genomes and major genes with direct and indirect effects on the adaptability and their potential for tropically oriented breeding plans; a review. Anim. Res. Dev., 33, 63-79.
Ibrahim, A. (2012). Haematological and Some Biochemical Values of Indigenous Chickens in Al-Ahsa, Suadi Arabia during Simmer Season. Asian Jornal of Poultry Science, 6,138-145.
Iheukwumere, F. C., & Okoli, I. C. (2002). Preliminary studies on raw Napoleona imperialis as feed ingredient. Performance and blood chemistry of weaner rabbits. Trop. Anim. Prod. Invest. 113: 1-9.
Iheukwumere, F. C., Abu A. H., & Ndubuisi, E. C. (2008). Effect of FSH and LH (Pergonal®) Treatment on Haematology, Immune Status and serum Metabolites of West African Dwarf Goats. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 7(1), 46-50.
Iheukwumere, F. C., Abu, A. H., & Ameh, M. (2006). Effect of human menopausal gonadotrophin on haematological and serum biochemical parameters of Nigerian indigenous chickens. International Journal of Poultry Sciences, 5(7), 632-634.
Iheukwumere, F. C., Herbert, U., & Ewulu, C. (2002). Effect of quantitative feed restriction on broiler chickens. J. Sustainable Trop. Agric. Res., 4, 56-60.
Iheukwumere, F. C., Herbert, U., & Iloeje, M. U. (2004). Haematological and serum Biochemical values of West African Dwarf Does Following FSH + LH (Pergonal®) Treatment Int. J. Agric. Rural Dev., 5, 54-60.
Iheukwumere, F.C. and Herbert, U. (2002). Physiological responses of broiler chickens to quantitative water restriction. Haematology and Serum Biochemistry. International Journal of Poultry Science, 2(2), 117-119.
Ihrig, M., Tassinary, L. G., Bernacky, B., Keeling, M. E. (2001). Haematologic and serum biochemical reference intervals for the Chimpanzee (Pantroglodytes) categorized by age and sex. Comp. Med., 51(1), 30-37.
Islam, M. S., Lucky, N. S., Islam, M. R., Ahadi, A., Das, B. R., Rahman, M. M., & Siddini, M. S. I. (2004). Haematology Parameters of Fayoumi Assil and Local Chickens Reared in Bangladesh. Int. J. Poultry Sci., 3:144-147.
Jain, N. C. (1986). Veterinary Haematology.4th edition. Baillere, Tindall. Pp. 297.
Jain, N. C. (1993). Essential of Veterinary Haematology, Lea and Ferbiger, Philadelphia.
Kohn, R. A., & Allen, M. S. (1995). Enrichment of proteolytic activity relative to nitrogen in preparations from the rumen for in vitro studies. Anim. Feed Science and Technology. 52(1/2), 1-14.
Lazzaro, J. (2003). Normal blood chemistry for goats, Saanendoah dairy goats.
Maciel, M., Marais, S. M., Bevilaqua, C. W., Silva, R. A., Baros, R. S., Sousa, R. N., Sousa, L. C., Brito, E. S., & Sousa-Neto, M. A. (2010). Chemical Composition of Eucalyptus spp. essential oils and their insecticidal effects on Lutzomyia longipalpis. Vet. Parasitol., 167(1), 1-7.
Mc. Donald, P., Edward, R. A., Green Halgh, J. F. D., & Morgan, C. C. (2002). Animal Nutrition. 5th Ed. Longman, Pp 30-65.
Mohri, M., Sharifi, K., & Eidi, S. (2007). Hematology and serum biochemistry of Holstein dairy calves: age related changes and comparison with blood composition in adults. Research in Veterinary Science, 83(1), 30-39.
Muhammad, N. O., Adeyina, A. O. & Peters, O. M. (2000). Nutritional evaluation of fungi treated cocoa bean shell. Nigerian J. Pure and Appl. Sci., 5, 1059-1064.
Ndlova, T, Chimonyo,M., Okoh, A. J., Muchenje, V., Dzama, K., & Racts, J. G. (2007). Assessing the nutritional status of beef cattle; current practices and future prospects. Afr. J. Biotech., 6(24), 2717-2734.
Oguike M. A., & Ude, N. E. (2008). Influence oF the Ethno veterinary plant, Spondias mombi L. on partial daily milk yield (PDM), haematology and serum biochemistry of lactating West African Dwarf (WAD) ewes. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 7, 584-588.
Randox (2006). www.Raidox.Com/Randox.Laboratory Ltd. Users' Manual.
RIM (Resource Inventory and Management Ltd) (1992). Nigeria National Livestock Survey. Federal Department of Livestock and Pest Control Services, Abuja, Nigeria, p. 287.
Simaraks, S., Chinrasri, O., & Aengwanich, S. (2004). Haematological, Electrolyte and serum Biochemical values of the Thai Indigenous chickens (Gallus domesticus) in North Eastern Thailand-song Klanakarin J. Sci. Tec., 26, 425.
Sowande, O. S., Aina, A. B. J., Oguntona, E. B., Fanimo, A. O., Unaka, V. U., Itassan, T. A., & Oseni, M. O. (2008). Performance, Biochemical Constituents and Mineral Balance of West African Sheep Fed Preserved Elephant Grass, Layer's Droppings and Cassava Peel Diet during Dry Season. Nig. J. Anim. Prod., (35), 90-102.
Steel, R. D. G., & Torrie, J. H. (2006). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. 3rd. Edn. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., New York.
Stockham, S. L., & Scott M. A. (2002). Fundamentals of Veterinary Clinical Pathology. Iowa State University Press, Ames. I. A. USA.
Taiwo, V. O., & Ogunsami, A. O (2003). Haematology, plasma, whole blood and erythrocyte biochemical values of clinically healthy captive reared gray duiker (Sylvica pragrimmia) and West African Dwarf sheep and goats in Ibadan, Nigeria. Israel Vet. Med. Assoc., 1, 58.